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专家系列讲座--如何进行公共演讲

时间:01月01日 来源:外交学院国际教育合作项目

  2019年2月27日,外交学院王燕教授为IPP学生带来了一场精彩的讲座,讲座主题是关于公共演讲。公共演讲在国外日常学习中是不可或缺的一项技能,同学们听过之后都表示获益匪浅。下面就通过IPP同学的感悟来领略专家讲座的魅力吧!

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  Today,I am honored to be given the opportunity to be involved in Professor Yan WANG’s lecture for public speaking.Her brilliant speech actually inspired my English learning with some aspects I attached with little significance.

  I formerly hold the believe that the quality of public speaking is only concerned with the speaker himself.However,Professor WANG put forward that a good oration is contingent on both the speaker and audience,which indicates that eye contact or gestures would be effective in conveying the message you are going to express.

  Public speaking is also a process of communication.Speakers should frequently obtain feedback from the listeners and respond to their questions with conciseness as well as effectiveness.

  For myself,orienting a topic has always been an obstacle while composing a passage for speeches,which means that I often lose direction in the very initial stage of writing.Professor WANG’s method seems to be helpful.The first solution is to choose the topic you know a lot and then narrow it down.The second approach is to choose the topic you have little acquaintance with hoping for further investigation.Whatever I choose,I have to ensure that my terminal topic is manageable enough.

  A fundamental framework is equally important for a laconic but rich content.An interesting introduction is an useful tool to catch the audience’s attention,which is vital to form a good atmosphere during the whole process of speech.For audience,listening to a speech is quite different from reading an article.For the reason that they are not able to review the formerly read paragraph.Therefore,it is of great necessity for the speaker to have a brief but comprehensive summary to the section.What’s more,while giving the speech,speakers are to constantly adjust the speed and rhythm that suit best for a listener without a pen to record.

  Despite of the importance of an intricate framework and a brilliant introduction paragraph,the substance of the article is what really matters.We speakers should put forward approachable examples instead of professional concepts and we should utilize some verbal techniques to form the echo with the audiences.

  Overall,I feel awesome for Professor Yan WANG’s speech for Public Speaking,which would generate profound impact on my future study in English as well as other languages.

  ——陈钟涵

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  王燕教授的讲座根据公众演讲的流程就演讲技巧及流程展开了详细的讲解。首先是公众演讲的稿子写作,以生动形象的例子具体说明了要抱着说服听众的目的,选取自己熟悉或想了解的话题,以一定的框架结构进行论述。每一个论点都需要实例支撑以防止演讲枯燥无味。其次是演讲的现场表现方面,最主要的就是从容。王教授讲了她的学生张璐在很多重要场合作翻译时的真实事例,阐明了镇定自若,以一定的节奏,恰当的音量,合适的情绪进行演讲的重要性。这次的讲座给完全不了解演讲程序及技巧的我们一个很好的机会,全面系统的学习从选题到结束演讲中所有的细节和一些小的技巧,例如:话题不要太高端,每段后面都要有总结,态度要朴实,最真实的东西最能打动人心等等,让我们受益匪浅。

  除了公众演讲之外,王教授还讲了一些有趣的故事,表明了翻译如果一个一个词的翻译会出现一些不地道的表达,甚至闹出很多笑话,失之毫厘差之千里。这些例子来自于王教授的亲身经历,或是关于奥运会的申报,或是某个成材的学生。单单是这些例子就让我们看到了许多不同的场面人生,增长了见识。

  通过这次讲座,我们对公众演讲有了更为深入的认识,也听了许多有意思的故事,让我们的在校学习内容不仅仅局限于课本或课堂,更从教授的讲座中获得某种特定的技能或对人生有更加深刻的思考。

  公开演讲对我来说一直都是自己很害怕的方面,今天王燕教授的讲座让我受益匪浅。

  ——周游

  公开演讲不单单是只取决于演讲者,其实演讲也是一种交流,需要吸引听众,关注听众,说服听众与听众产生共鸣。演讲的时候不一定要用很复杂很高级的词汇,但一定要让听众感受到你的真诚。有的时候眼神和肢体的传递也是更加有效的。演讲内容一定是要有主题的,而且内容需要有结构,而理论更需要论据支撑,可论据最好是比较贴近生活的东西,这样也可以吸引听众。

  一篇好的演讲稿可以获得喝彩,可演讲者在台上的姿态和台风也很重要。从表达上来说,要保持自然的状态,自信、从容的表达。说一个句子或一段话不要先想好中文然后对照翻译,这样容易出现不地道的英语表达。还有一点,一定要做自己。任何的一个演讲主题都没有准确的答案,我们应该允许各种思想的共同存在,只要能够说服自己说服听众的那就是对的,一定要坚持自己。

  ——罗玉琪

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